DRH-Asia: Disaster Reduction Hyperbase
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1. Title

Proposal to realize RARMIS (Risk Adaptive Regional Management Information System) Concept by Spatial Temporal Information System DiMSIS-EX and Some Case Studies -Toward Collaborative Realization of Common Software (System) Platform for Disaster Prevention (CSPDP)-

ID: DRH 6 Information system for disaster prevention and daily tasks of Kiyotake-cyou (local government).
Hazard: Earthquake , Flood , Multi-hazard
Category:

Implementation Oriented Technology (IOT)

Proposer: Shigeru Kakumoto
Country: JAPAN;
Date posted: 16 January 2008
Date published: 15 October 2009
Copyright © 2009 Shigeru Kakumoto (proposer). All rights reserved.

Information system for disaster prevention and daily tasks of Kiyotake-cyou (local government).

Contact

Shigeru Kakumoto (Invited Research Fellow), Takashi Furuto (Technical staff), Hiroyuki Yamada (Research Fellow), Mitsuaki Sasaki (technical staff) and Koichi Shiwaku (Research Fellow)
4F, Human Renovation Museum, 1-5-2, Wakinohama-kaigan-dori,Cyuo-ku, Kobe-shi, Hyogo-ken, 651-0073, Japan
Kaku@edm.bosai.go.jp

2. Major significance / Summary

Researchers and developers have developed many software systems for disaster prevention such as database system, GIS, simulation, and so on, individually. However, these systems are not interoperable nor exchangeable, even functions are similar. Most of the systems are based on commercial based with lots of hidden functions which limit innovated system development. Expensive fee are requested for developing countries to use the system even most of the application part are free to use.
Common Software Platform which are open among researchers, every local language adaptable, and allow practical use according to the situation of each country.

3. Keywords

Common software platform for disaster prevention(CPDP), RARMIS concept, Spatial temporal information system, DiMSIS-Ex, Collaborative development


II. Categories

4. Focus of this information

Implementation Oriented Technology (IOT)

5. Users

5-1. Anticipated users: Administrative officers , Municipalities , National governments and other intermediate government bodies (state, prefecture, district, etc.) , International organizations (UN organizations and programmes, WB, ADRC, EC, etc.) , Commercial entrepreneurs , Financing and insurance business personnel , Experts , Information technology specialists , Urban planners , Rural planners , Environmental/Ecological specialists

5-2. Other users: Policy makers , Motivated researchers

6. Hazards focused

Earthquake , Flood , Multi-hazard

7. Elements at risk

Infrastructure , Buildings , Information and communication system


III. Contact Information

8. Proposer(s) information (Writer of this template)

Shigeru Kakumoto (Invited Research Fellow), Takashi Furuto (Technical staff), Hiroyuki Yamada (Research Fellow), Mitsuaki Sasaki (technical staff) and Koichi Shiwaku (Research Fellow)
4F, Human Renovation Museum, 1-5-2, Wakinohama-kaigan-dori,Cyuo-ku, Kobe-shi, Hyogo-ken, 651-0073, Japan
Kaku@edm.bosai.go.jp

9. Country(ies)/region(s) where the technology/knowledge/practice originated

JAPAN;

10. Names and institutions of technology/knowledge developers

Earthquake Disaster Mitigation Research Center, National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention (EDM-NIED)

11. Title of relevant projects if any

12. References and publications

13. Note on ownership if any

Patent (Japan): Hiroyuki Kameda, Shigeru Kakumoto and Michinori Hatayama
Patent Management (Japan): TLO Hyogo (http://www.niro.or.jp/n_prog_tlo/index.html)

Commercial uses in Japan: Charged (contact TLO Hyogo)
Non-profit uses in Japan and other overseas uses outside Japan: Free of charge (Contact Shigeru Kakumoto (kaku@dimsis.jp), Michinori Hatayama (hatayama@imdr.dpri.kyoto-u.ac.jp) or Hiroyuki Kameda (kameda@rarmis.jp)


IV. Background

14. Disaster events and/or societal circumstances, which became the driving force either for developing the technology/knowledge or enhancing its practice

General disaster events: Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake (1995), Nigata-ken Chuetsu Earthquake (2004), Sendaigawa river Flood ( 2006), Kiyotake-cyou HPAI(2007) and other disasters. Spatial temporal information system are proposed as suitable software system to support local government for countermeasure disasters. RARMIS concept is proposed, considering a cost of system in practical use and guarantee the system to be used in certainty under various of unknown situation. Information sharing between independent organizations and local language adapt (allow different terms and different language) are also considered in standalone basis information with information exchange.


V. Description

15. Feature and attribute

Disaster reduction and prevention are common topics for all country, even constitution, language and culture is different. Common Software (System) Platform for Disaster Prevention (CSPDP) is proposed to get a solution for disaster prevention using information technology.

Position (geographical and temporal) are also common even language is different. Therefore, proposed CSPDP has a possibility to be realized by spatial temporal position base database handling.

 

Spatial temporal information handling means management of information related to position and also changes which can be operated as temporal position information. Advantage of this idea is a possibility of combination of Geographic Information System (GIS) and database management system (DBMS).

 

 Generally any information system including conventional GIS with RDBMS has a possibility to process information handling by STIS, if all information to handle is predetermined like daily task such as tax management of local government and database handling schemer is prefixed. These characteristics come from by using unique numbers for  keys to represent relations in database.

 However, disaster information is not easy to be predetermined, because unexpected events happen. The system for disaster information processing has to be flexible enough to adaptive handling any information. STIS use a position and period (temporal position) for specifying every object in database. Therefore new information can be added without any influence to stored database. Relation is calculated when using the database and specified according to the usage. Kiyotake town did not have a system for countermeasure H5Ni bird influenza. They only could use STIS for preventing this disaster. Item free means term free, which has a possibility to realize language free system by single program. There is a possibility to organize common system for different country by STIS, because spatial position and temporal position is same in everywhere on the earth. This means there is a possibility to organize common disaster prevention application system on STIS integrating knowledge of researchers.

 

 

 

This system is developed focusing on disaster prevention but also adaptive to daily tasks for normal duties of local governments. Another way of saying, this system has a possibility to cover almost of local government tasks as a platform.

Here, this spatial temporal information system has a possibility to become information-processing platform for local government applications and disaster preventions. Moreover this system has a possibility to contribute to worldwide use because tasks of local government are different but similar in each countries and no difference in disasters.

16. Necessary process to implement

Using DRH which is software platform for exchange and sharing knowledge, develop common software platform for practical system for local government and others together under the collaborative researchers and development among researchers and adapt the system to each countries.

Integrating experiences in each county are shared as common knowledge and can be implemented into common system which can be used another counties as well.

 

 Requirement to disaster prevention system is not same for different country because regional management method is different. But map information is similar. House, road, river and so on are described on a map. STIS also can accept illustration map in which accuracy is not guaranteed. First step for implementation is making map database. Even if survey map is not available illustration map can be used. Then attribute data representing information of disaster and others can be connected to proper position and period.

 Advantage to use this system is easy to combine databases organize by different group or different organization independently. Each organization can organize most suitable database for them. They do not need to consider any regulation to shire database of others.

 

17. Strength and limitations

Practical system can be used with free in each county including core system developed already. Commercial base systems also allow developing for each country. One regulation is every company has to obey Japanese local rule when one try to join Japanese market.

Some rules for development would be necessary in future which makes improve  collaborative research and implementation.

 

 It is not easy to make compatibility to other system which database architecture and format is closed such as commercial GIS. But STIS can use their map data by extract to exchange format using tool software. It is still hard to keep compatibility in a system if the system is closed and manufacturer hide database information. Database can be used in DiMSIS-EX by organizing database again using print out.

It is possible for others to get compatibility to DiMSIS-EX, because DiMSIS-EX database format is open. Programmer can write program to read and write DiMSIS-EX database and   make a bridge system.

Common bridge system named DATABASE-HUB (GIS-HUB or STIS-HUB) is proposed and finished feasibility study. But not implemented yet because of financial limitation.

 

 

18. Lessons learned through implementation if any

Technologies can be improved seriously through applying to practical use even takes a time and efforts for researchers.

Field study and/or implementation are a basis of innovation.


VI. Resources required

19. Facilities and equipments required

Windows PC (Not windows-Vista and before windows95)

20. Costs, organization, manpower, etc.

Cost for developing additional application functions or systems which is not cover in DiMSIS-Ex and its applications now.

Cost for developing conversion language table for new language which is not developed.

Software design to adapt requirement of the country.

Visual Basic and/or C++ software development ability.

Cost for using DiMSIS-Ex is free, however, additional fee is necessary for new functions. Spatial data (map based database) is also necessary which is expensive if include measurement. If paper map or digital data is available, it become small or zero (researchers few days or weeks effort is good enough).

 DiMSIS-EX is not matured yet. But it has a possibility to be common platform, because it is adaptive to Multi-language and common flexible interface has a possibility to adapt different requirement by definition without changing program. It also has a possibility to implement simulation functions related to disaster prevention such as earthquake damage and so on by expert researchers. Cost is not increase when use implemented function realize by other country.


VII. Message from the proposer if any

21. Message


VIII. Self evaluation in relation to applicability

22. How do you evaluate the technology/knowledge that you have proposed?

It is a technology/knowledge that has high application potential verified by implementation in various field sites.

23. Notes on the applicability if any


IX. Application examples

No.1

    E1-1. Project name if available

    Information system for disaster prevention and daily tasks of Kiyotake-cyou (local government)


    E1-2. Place

    Kiyotake-cyou Miyazaki-pref.


    E1-3. Year

    2006, 2007


    E1-4. Investor

    EDM/NIED


    E1-5. People involved

    Officers of Kiyotake-cyou municipality


    E1-6. Monetary costs incurred

    5M yen: for developing map based database (not include survey)

    1M yen: for additional functions for correcting damage information


    E1-7. Total workload required

     


    E1-8. Evidence of positive result

    DiMSIS-EX was used effectively and adaptively to countermeasure of HPAI (bird influenza, H5N1 type) which happened unexpectedly and mayor and officers had not been prepared. Analysis of area by distance is important in this case (Figure shows Map displayed).

    Fig. 1  Damage data collection

     

    Fig. 2  Analysis of house damage

     

    Land ownership data is managed by DiMSIS-Ex has been developing.

    Land ownership and Building data will be a basis of disaster data handling. DiMSIS-Ex provide flexible interface according to the demand by managing all information connecting to geographical location and temporal location.


No.2

    E2-1. Project name if available

    Turkish case studies
    1) Damage data analysis of Ducze earthquake
    2) Land ownership and tax (tapu and cadastro) management


    E2-2. Place

    Duzce (earthquake 1999) and Maltepe (part of Istanbul) in Turkey


    E2-3. Year

    (1999-)2006


    E2-4. Investor

    EDM/NIED


    E2-5. People involved

    1) Prof. Michinori Hatayama, Prof Koji Yoshikawa, Prof. Hiroyuki Kamaeda


    E2-6. Monetary costs incurred


    E2-7. Total workload required


    E2-8. Evidence of positive result

    System was used to summarize damage of houses after Duzce earthquake and analyzed to find out damage ratio change according to the story of building. One of a advantage of the system is multi language adapt which allow Turkish interface.

    Fig. 1  Damage data correction

    Fig. 2  Analysis of house damage

     

     

    Fig. 3  Land ownership management system of Maltepe

     Land ownership data is managed by DiMSIS-Ex has been developing.

    Land ownership and Building data will be a basis of disaster data handling. DiMSIS-Ex provide flexible interface according to the demand by managing all information connecting to geographical location and temporal location.

     



X. Other related parallel initiatives if any

Message


XI. Remarks for version upgrade

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