DRH-Asia: Disaster Reduction Hyperbase
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Disaster Reduction Hyperbase


1. Foreword


DRH is a web-based facility disseminating disaster reduction technology and knowledge. It has been designed for potential use by policy makers, community leaders, practitioners, and motivated researchers who wish to make access to appropriate technical know-how's that can help them establish practical disaster management plans.

The DRH was developed in an effort for implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Actions 2005-2015 adopted at WCDR (World Conference on Disaster Reduction 2005), specifically as a component of “Portfolio for disaster reduction” proposed by the government of Japan. NIED served as a lead institution in close collaboration with UN-ISDR, MEXT, CAO, KU, BNU, NSET, SEEDS, IIEES, ADRC, and other institutions constituting an active multilateral team.

Construction DRH was conducted under a project entitled “Disaster Reduction Hyperbase – Asian Application (DRH-Asia)”, whose major sponsor was the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) of Japanese government. National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention (NIED) of Japan operated the project in cooperation with Kyoto University.

The DRH web-site and the registration system of the DRH have been completed as its ver.3, and contributions to DRH Contents from organizations and individuals worldwide is highly welcomed.



2. Background


Natural disasters are constant threats to human society, such as earthquakes, tsunamis, floods, volcanic eruptions, landslides, etc. Tremendous amount of losses in human lives and property are caused by them. To overcome physical and societal vulnerability against disasters and to maintain sustainable development, enhancement of disaster resilience capabilities is indispensable and must be practiced upon respective regional characteristics.

The Japanese government proposed to develop “Portfolios for Disaster Reduction” at the World Conference on Disaster Reduction (WCDR), Hyogo-Kobe, January 2005. In order to realize this concept, MEXT and NIED, conducted activities under a pilot project (DRH Phase I) in 2005 together with UN/ISDR and Kyoto University for establishing an international framework for development of “Disaster Reduction Technology List on Implementation Strategies”.

On this basis, a three-year project entitled “Disaster Reduction Hyperbase – Asian Application (DRH-Asia)” was approved for a project period of July 2006 - March 2009. The project was supported under the funding scheme of “Special Coordination Funds for Promoting Science and Technology” of Japanese government. The mission of the project was to develop and disseminate a web-based facility to compile appropriate disaster reduction technology and knowledge that incorporate regional characteristics of Asian countries and have solid implementation strategy.

The DRH website (ver.1) opened on 14 December 2007, followed by improvement works to provide enhanced functions (upgraded to DRH ver.1.1: 1 May 2008). Further improvement was conducted to implement DRH Template ver.7.1 (upgraded to DRH ver.2: 28 August 2008). The final improvement within the DRH-Asia project period was realized with an enhanced web design and plenty of functional refinements (upgraded to dRH ver.3: 30 March 2009). In accordance with such evolution, this document prepared as Call for DRH Contents proposals ver.5 conforms with DRH ver.3 (http://drh.bosai.go.jp/).



3. Implementation Technologies


The following three types of implementation technologies are to be compiled.


(1) Implementation Oriented Technology: IOT

Products from modern R&D that are practiced under clear implementation strategies.

(2) Process Technology: PT

Know-how for implementation and practice, capacity building and social development for knowledge ownership.

(3) Transferable Indigenous Knowledge: TIK

Traditional art of disaster reduction that is indigenous to specific region(s) but having potential to be applied to other regions and having time-tested reliability.


This classification has been conceptualized from extensive discussion among DRH project participants on "What is useful technology and knowledge for disaster reduction?" Specific features of these categorized technology were also reviewed, and have been summarized as DRH criteria as shown in Appendix (also downloadable at http://drh.edm.bosai.go.jp/Project/Phase2/1Documents/7_Criteria.pdf)



4. Focused Hazards


DRH will deal with multi-hazard issues including Earthquake, Tsunami, Volcanic eruption, Landslide, Mudflow, Dust storm, Cold wave, Heat wave, Zud, Cyclone/Typhoon, Storm surge, Flood, Flash flood, Glacial Lake Outburst Flood (GLOF), Snow avalanches, Epidemic, Wildfire, Drought, Desertification, Climate change impact, Land degradation, etc.



5. Call for DRH Contents Proposals


The DRH contents are solicited for proposals and to be discussed for incorporation in DRH Database. The proposals are to be prepared in the following format.


(1) DRH Template: the main body of the DRH Contents

The DRH contents should be described using the DRH Template which embodies all conceptual framework of DRH. Use English language to fill in the Template. Maximize visual illustration using photographs, charts and figures so that readers can easily understand the technology and knowledge you offer. Note that DRH intends not to compile technical papers but to disseminate useful technology and knowledge to readers in understandable manners. The DRH Template (Ver.7.3) is downloadable at the DRH web-site (http://drh.edm.bosai.go.jp/Project/Phase2/1Documents/temp.htm) in with three kinds of files (Word, Excel and PDF).

The DRH Template consists of the following chapters. I. Heading, II. Categories, III. Contact Information, IV. Background, V. Descriptions, VI. Resources Required, VII Message from the proposer VIII. Self evaluation in relation to applicability, IX. Application examples, X. Other related parallel initiatives (if any), XI. Remarks for version upgrade

The examples how to fill in the DRH Template are shown in the proceedings of the Disaster Reduction Hyperbase (DRH) Contents Meeting, which took place in Kobe, Japan in March 2007. The proceedings can be accessed in the DRH project web-site (http://www.edm.bosai.go.jp/old/8_Proceeding/Proceedings.htm). (Note that the Proceedings uses the DRH Template ver.6, which is slightly different from ver.7.1.)


(2) Attached Documents: backup to the DRH Templates

You may attach documents in paper or report styles to be added to the DRH Template in order to explain about the technology effectively. However, be sure that main descriptions including illustrations should be made in the Template. The attached documents are to backup the DRH Template for better understanding by the readers.



6. DRH Manager and DRH Facilitators


Currently, the following individuals are serving as The DRH Manager and DRH Facilitators. They were nominated at the Second Annual Workshop on DRH Asia, Kobe, March 2007.


(1) DRH Manager

Hiroyuki Kameda

- Principal Investigator, Disaster Reduction Hyperbase Asian Application (DRH-Asia) Project

- Visiting Researcher, Earthquake Disaster Mitigation Research Center, National Research Institute for Earth Science and Disaster Prevention (EDM-NIED)

- Professor Emeritus, Kyoto University


(2) DRH Facilitators

(1) Implementation Oriented Technology (IOT)

- Mohsen Ghafory-Ashtiany (International Institute of Earthquake Engineering and Seismology (IIEES), Distinguished Professor, Iran), and

- Hiroyuki KAMEDA (Visiting Researcher (EDM-NIED), Professor Emeritus (Kyoto University), Japan)

(2) Process Technology (PT)

- Amod M. Dixit (National Society for Earthquake Technology * Nepal (NSET), General Secretary & Executive Director, Nepal), and

- Norio Okada (Disaster Prevention Research Institute (DPRI), Kyoto University, Professor, Japan)

(3) Transferable Indigenous Knowledge (TIK)

- Anshu Sharma (SEEDS INDIA, Director, India), and

- Rajib Shaw (Graduate School of Global Environmental Studies, Kyoto University, Associate Professor, Japan)

(4) DRH Facilitator Supports (Those who support and actually join facilitation)

- Takayuki Nakamura (JAXA, Coordinator for DRH Contents from Japanese institutions, Japan (IOT))

- Hirokazu Tatano (DPRI, Kyoto University, Professor, CASiFiCA-DRH chief promote ,Japan (PT))

- Naho Ikeda (EDM/NIED, Researcher, DRH Template coordinator, Japan (PT) Note that the group of DRH Facilitators is participated by researchers and NGO practitioners. This feature makes it possible to discussing bridges between research and practice, implementation strategy.)



7. Merits for Registration


As the DRH web-site is to link with other international networks for disaster reduction such as the UN/ISDR, proposed technologies are expected to be utilized by policy makers and practitioners in the world. In addition, since this project initiated at the World Conference on Disaster Reduction (WCDR), this project is to be reported at several governmental meetings such as the APEC Industrial Science and Technology Working Group, the ASEAN COST+3, etc.



8. Contacts


- Hiroyuki Kameda (DRH Principal Investigator, kameda@edm.bosai.go.jp)

- Takayuki Nakamura (DRH Contents Coordinator, nakamura.takayuki@jaxa.jp)

- DRH Administration (drhadmin@dpri.kyoto-u.ac.jp)


TEL: -81-78-262-5528, FAX: -81-78-262-5527

Address: Earthquake Disaster Mitigation Research Center, 4F Human Innovation Museum, 1-5-2 Waki-no-hama Kaigan-dori, Chuo-ku, Kobe 651-0073, JAPAN



Institutions contributing to DRH Contents (Click here): posted on request